The English version of quarkus.io is the official project site. Translated sites are community supported on a best-effort basis.

Using OpenID Connect (OIDC) multitenancy

This guide demonstrates how your OpenID Connect (OIDC) application can support multitenancy to serve multiple tenants from a single application. These tenants can be distinct realms or security domains within the same OIDC provider or even distinct OIDC providers.

Each customer functions as a distinct tenant when serving multiple customers from the same application, such as in a SaaS environment. By enabling multitenancy support to your applications, you can support distinct authentication policies for each tenant, even authenticating against different OIDC providers, such as Keycloak and Google.

To authorize a tenant by using Bearer Token Authorization, see the OpenID Connect (OIDC) Bearer token authentication guide.

To authenticate and authorize a tenant by using the OIDC authorization code flow, read the OpenID Connect authorization code flow mechanism for protecting web applications guide.

Also, see the OpenID Connect (OIDC) configuration properties reference guide.

先决条件

完成这个指南,你需要:

  • 大概15分钟

  • 编辑器

  • JDK 17+ installed with JAVA_HOME configured appropriately

  • Apache Maven 3.9.6

  • A working container runtime (Docker or Podman)

  • 如果你愿意的话,还可以选择使用Quarkus CLI

  • 如果你想构建原生可执行程序,可以选择安装Mandrel或者GraalVM,并正确配置(或者使用Docker在容器中进行构建)

  • jq工具

应用结构

In this example, we build a very simple application that supports two resource methods:

  • /{tenant}

This resource returns information obtained from the ID token issued by the OIDC provider about the authenticated user and the current tenant.

  • /{tenant}/bearer

This resource returns information obtained from the Access Token issued by the OIDC provider about the authenticated user and the current tenant.

解决方案

For a thorough understanding, we recommend you build the application by following the upcoming step-by-step instructions.

Alternatively, if you prefer to start with the completed example, clone the Git repository: git clone https://github.com/quarkusio/quarkus-quickstarts.git, or download an archive.

The solution is located in the security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart directory.

创建Maven项目

首先,我们需要一个新的项目。使用以下命令创建一个新的项目:

CLI
quarkus create app org.acme:security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart \
    --extension='oidc,rest-jackson' \
    --no-code
cd security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart

创建Grade项目,请添加 --gradle 或者 --gradle-kotlin-dsl 参数。

For more information about how to install and use the Quarkus CLI, see the Quarkus CLI guide.

Maven
mvn io.quarkus.platform:quarkus-maven-plugin:3.11.3:create \
    -DprojectGroupId=org.acme \
    -DprojectArtifactId=security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart \
    -Dextensions='oidc,rest-jackson' \
    -DnoCode
cd security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart

创建Grade项目,请添加 -DbuildTool=gradle 或者 -DbuildTool=gradle-kotlin-dsl 参数。

For Windows users:

  • If using cmd, (don’t use backward slash \ and put everything on the same line)

  • If using Powershell, wrap -D parameters in double quotes e.g. "-DprojectArtifactId=security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart"

If you already have your Quarkus project configured, add the oidc extension to your project by running the following command in your project base directory:

CLI
quarkus extension add oidc
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:add-extension -Dextensions='oidc'
Gradle
./gradlew addExtension --extensions='oidc'

This adds the following to your build file:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-oidc</artifactId>
</dependency>
build.gradle
implementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-oidc")

编写应用程序

Start by implementing the /{tenant} endpoint. As you can see from the source code below, it is just a regular Jakarta REST resource:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.inject.Inject;
import jakarta.ws.rs.GET;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Path;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Produces;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.jwt.JsonWebToken;

import io.quarkus.oidc.IdToken;

@Path("/{tenant}")
public class HomeResource {
    /**
     * Injection point for the ID Token issued by the OIDC provider.
     */
    @Inject
    @IdToken
    JsonWebToken idToken;

    /**
     * Injection point for the Access Token issued by the OIDC provider.
     */
    @Inject
    JsonWebToken accessToken;

    /**
     * Returns the ID Token info.
     * This endpoint exists only for demonstration purposes.
     * Do not expose this token in a real application.
     *
     * @return ID Token info
     */
    @GET
    @Produces("text/html")
    public String getIdTokenInfo() {
        StringBuilder response = new StringBuilder().append("<html>")
                .append("<body>");

        response.append("<h2>Welcome, ").append(this.idToken.getClaim("email").toString()).append("</h2>\n");
        response.append("<h3>You are accessing the application within tenant <b>").append(idToken.getIssuer()).append(" boundaries</b></h3>");

        return response.append("</body>").append("</html>").toString();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the Access Token info.
     * This endpoint exists only for demonstration purposes.
     * Do not expose this token in a real application.
     *
     * @return Access Token info
     */
    @GET
    @Produces("text/html")
    @Path("bearer")
    public String getAccessTokenInfo() {
        StringBuilder response = new StringBuilder().append("<html>")
                .append("<body>");

        response.append("<h2>Welcome, ").append(this.accessToken.getClaim("email").toString()).append("</h2>\n");
        response.append("<h3>You are accessing the application within tenant <b>").append(accessToken.getIssuer()).append(" boundaries</b></h3>");

        return response.append("</body>").append("</html>").toString();
    }
}

To resolve the tenant from incoming requests and map it to a specific quarkus-oidc tenant configuration in application.properties, create an implementation for the io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver interface, which can dynamically resolve tenant configurations:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;

import org.eclipse.microprofile.config.ConfigProvider;

import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcRequestContext;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig.ApplicationType;
import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantConfigResolver {

    @Override
    public Uni<OidcTenantConfig> resolve(RoutingContext context, OidcRequestContext<OidcTenantConfig> requestContext) {
        String path = context.request().path();

        if (path.startsWith("/tenant-a")) {
           String keycloakUrl = ConfigProvider.getConfig().getValue("keycloak.url", String.class);

            OidcTenantConfig config = new OidcTenantConfig();
            config.setTenantId("tenant-a");
            config.setAuthServerUrl(keycloakUrl + "/realms/tenant-a");
            config.setClientId("multi-tenant-client");
            config.getCredentials().setSecret("secret");
            config.setApplicationType(ApplicationType.HYBRID);
            return Uni.createFrom().item(config);
        } else {
            // resolve to default tenant config
            return Uni.createFrom().nullItem();
        }
    }
}

In the preceding implementation, tenants are resolved from the request path. If no tenant can be inferred, null is returned to indicate that the default tenant configuration should be used.

The tenant-a application type is hybrid; it can accept HTTP bearer tokens if provided. Otherwise, it initiates an authorization code flow when authentication is required.

配置该应用程序

# Default tenant configuration
%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

# Tenant A configuration is created dynamically in CustomTenantConfigResolver

# HTTP security configuration
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/*
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.policy=authenticated

The first configuration is the default tenant configuration that should be used when the tenant cannot be inferred from the request. Be aware that a %prod profile prefix is used with quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url to support testing a multitenant application with Dev Services For Keycloak. This configuration uses a Keycloak instance to authenticate users.

The second configuration, provided by TenantConfigResolver, is used when an incoming request is mapped to the tenant-a tenant.

Both configurations map to the same Keycloak server instance while using distinct realms.

Alternatively, you can configure the tenant tenant-a directly in application.properties:

# Default tenant configuration
%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

# Tenant A configuration
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/tenant-a
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.application-type=web-app

# HTTP security configuration
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/*
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.policy=authenticated

In that case, also use a custom TenantConfigResolver to resolve it:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;

import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String path = context.request().path();
        String[] parts = path.split("/");

        if (parts.length == 0) {
            //Resolve to default tenant configuration
            return null;
        }

        return parts[1];
    }
}

You can define multiple tenants in your configuration file. To map them correctly when resolving a tenant from your TenantResolver implementation, ensure each has a unique alias.

However, using a static tenant resolution, which involves configuring tenants in application.properties and resolving them with TenantResolver, does not work for testing endpoints with Dev Services for Keycloak because it does not know how the requests are be mapped to individual tenants, and cannot dynamically provide tenant-specific quarkus.oidc.<tenant-id>.auth-server-url values. Therefore, using %prod prefixes with tenant-specific URLs within application.properties does not work in both test and development modes.

When a current tenant represents an OIDC web-app application, the current io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext contains a tenant-id attribute by the time the custom tenant resolver has been called for all the requests completing the code authentication flow and the already authenticated requests, when either a tenant-specific state or session cookie already exists. Therefore, when working with multiple OIDC providers, you only need a path-specific check to resolve a tenant id if the RoutingContext does not have the tenant-id attribute set, for example:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;

import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String tenantId = context.get("tenant-id");
        if (tenantId != null) {
            return tenantId;
        } else {
            // Initial login request
            String path = context.request().path();
            String[] parts = path.split("/");

            if (parts.length == 0) {
                //Resolve to default tenant configuration
                return null;
            }
            return parts[1];
        }
    }
}

This is how Quarkus OIDC resolves static custom tenants if no custom TenantResolver is registered.

A similar technique can be used with TenantConfigResolver, where a tenant-id provided in the context can return OidcTenantConfig already prepared with the previous request.

If you also use Hibernate ORM multitenancy or MongoDB with Panache multitenancy and both tenant ids are the same and must be extracted from the Vert.x RoutingContext, you can pass the tenant id from the OIDC Tenant Resolver to the Hibernate ORM Tenant Resolver or MongoDB with Panache Mongo Database Resolver as a RoutingContext attribute, for example:

public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String tenantId = extractTenantId(context);
        context.put("tenantId", tenantId);
        return tenantId;
    }
}

Starting and configuring the Keycloak server

To start a Keycloak server, you can use Docker and run the following command:

docker run --name keycloak -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN=admin -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN_PASSWORD=admin -p 8180:8080 quay.io/keycloak/keycloak:{keycloak.version} start-dev

where keycloak.version is set to 23.0.0 or higher.

Access your Keycloak server at localhost:8180.

Log in as the admin user to access the Keycloak administration console. The username and password are both admin.

Now, import the realms for the two tenants:

For more information, see the Keycloak documentation about how to create a new realm.

Running and using the application

Running in developer mode

To run the microservice in dev mode, use:

CLI
quarkus dev
Maven
./mvnw quarkus:dev
Gradle
./gradlew --console=plain quarkusDev

Running in JVM mode

After exploring the application in dev mode, you can run it as a standard Java application.

First, compile it:

CLI
quarkus build
Maven
./mvnw install
Gradle
./gradlew build

然后运行:

java -jar target/quarkus-app/quarkus-run.jar

Running in native mode

This same demo can be compiled into native code; no modifications are required.

This implies that you no longer need to install a JVM on your production environment, as the runtime technology is included in the produced binary, and optimized to run with minimal resources.

Compilation takes a bit longer, so this step is turned off by default; let’s build again by enabling the native build:

CLI
quarkus build --native
Maven
./mvnw install -Dnative
Gradle
./gradlew build -Dquarkus.native.enabled=true

After a little while, you can run this binary directly:

./target/security-openid-connect-multi-tenancy-quickstart-runner

Test the application

Use Dev Services for Keycloak

Dev Services for Keycloak is recommended for the integration testing against Keycloak. Dev Services for Keycloak launches and initializes a test container: it imports configured realms and sets a base Keycloak URL for the CustomTenantResolver to calculate a realm-specific URL.

First, add the following dependencies:

pom.xml
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.quarkus</groupId>
    <artifactId>quarkus-test-keycloak-server</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.rest-assured</groupId>
    <artifactId>rest-assured</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>net.sourceforge.htmlunit</groupId>
    <artifactId>htmlunit</artifactId>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
build.gradle
testImplementation("io.quarkus:quarkus-test-keycloak-server")
testImplementation("io.rest-assured:rest-assured")
testImplementation("net.sourceforge.htmlunit:htmlunit")

quarkus-test-keycloak-server provides a utility class io.quarkus.test.keycloak.client.KeycloakTestClient for acquiring the realm specific access tokens and which you can use with RestAssured for testing the /{tenant}/bearer endpoint expecting bearer access tokens. HtmlUnit tests the /{tenant} endpoint and the authorization code flow.

Next, configure the required realms:

# Default tenant configuration
%prod.quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus
quarkus.oidc.client-id=multi-tenant-client
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

# Tenant A configuration is created dynamically in CustomTenantConfigResolver

# HTTP security configuration
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/*
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.policy=authenticated

quarkus.keycloak.devservices.realm-path=default-tenant-realm.json,tenant-a-realm.json

Finally, write your test, which runs in JVM mode:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.containsString;
import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions.assertTrue;

import java.io.IOException;

import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.SilentCssErrorHandler;
import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.WebClient;
import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.html.HtmlForm;
import com.gargoylesoftware.htmlunit.html.HtmlPage;

import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusTest;
import io.quarkus.test.keycloak.client.KeycloakTestClient;
import io.restassured.RestAssured;

@QuarkusTest
public class CodeFlowTest {

    KeycloakTestClient keycloakClient = new KeycloakTestClient();

    @Test
    public void testLogInDefaultTenant() throws IOException {
        try (final WebClient webClient = createWebClient()) {
            HtmlPage page = webClient.getPage("http://localhost:8081/default");

            assertEquals("Sign in to quarkus", page.getTitleText());

            HtmlForm loginForm = page.getForms().get(0);

            loginForm.getInputByName("username").setValueAttribute("alice");
            loginForm.getInputByName("password").setValueAttribute("alice");

            page = loginForm.getInputByName("login").click();

            assertTrue(page.asText().contains("tenant"));
        }
    }

    @Test
    public void testLogInTenantAWebApp() throws IOException {
        try (final WebClient webClient = createWebClient()) {
            HtmlPage page = webClient.getPage("http://localhost:8081/tenant-a");

            assertEquals("Sign in to tenant-a", page.getTitleText());

            HtmlForm loginForm = page.getForms().get(0);

            loginForm.getInputByName("username").setValueAttribute("alice");
            loginForm.getInputByName("password").setValueAttribute("alice");

            page = loginForm.getInputByName("login").click();

            assertTrue(page.asText().contains("alice@tenant-a.org"));
        }
    }

    @Test
    public void testLogInTenantABearerToken() throws IOException {
        RestAssured.given().auth().oauth2(getAccessToken()).when()
            .get("/tenant-a/bearer").then().body(containsString("alice@tenant-a.org"));
    }

    private String getAccessToken() {
        return keycloakClient.getRealmAccessToken("tenant-a", "alice", "alice", "multi-tenant-client", "secret");
    }

    private WebClient createWebClient() {
        WebClient webClient = new WebClient();
        webClient.setCssErrorHandler(new SilentCssErrorHandler());
        return webClient;
    }
}

In native mode:

package org.acme.quickstart.oidc;

import io.quarkus.test.junit.QuarkusIntegrationTest;

@QuarkusIntegrationTest
public class CodeFlowIT extends CodeFlowTest {
}

For more information about how it is initialized and configured, see Dev Services for Keycloak.

Use the browser

To test the application, open your browser and access the following URL:

If everything works as expected, you are redirected to the Keycloak server to authenticate. Be aware that the requested path defines a default tenant, which we don’t have mapped in the configuration file. In this case, the default configuration is used.

To authenticate to the application, enter the following credentials in the Keycloak login page:

  • Username: alice

  • Password: alice

After clicking the Login button, you are redirected back to the application.

If you try now to access the application at the following URL:

You are redirected again to the Keycloak login page. However, this time, you are going to authenticate by using a different realm.

In both cases, the landing page shows the user’s name and email if the user is successfully authenticated. Although alice exists in both tenants, the application treats them as distinct users in separate realms.

Tenant resolution

Tenant resolution order

OIDC tenants are resolved in the following order:

  1. io.quarkus.oidc.Tenant annotation is checked first if the proactive authentication is disabled.

  2. Dynamic tenant resolution using a custom TenantConfigResolver.

  3. Static tenant resolution using one of these options: custom TenantResolver, configured tenant paths, and defaulting to the last request path segment as a tenant id.

Finally, the default OIDC tenant is selected if a tenant id has not been resolved after the preceeding steps.

See the following sections for more information:

Additionally, for the OIDC web-app applications, the state and session cookies also provide a hint about the tenant resolved with one of the above mentioned options at the time when the authorization code flow started. See the Tenant resolution for OIDC web-app applications section for more information.

Resolve with annotations

You can use the io.quarkus.oidc.Tenant annotation for resolving the tenant identifiers as an alternative to using io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver.

Proactive HTTP authentication must be disabled (quarkus.http.auth.proactive=false) for this to work. For more information, see the Proactive authentication guide.

Assuming your application supports two OIDC tenants, the hr and default tenants, all resource methods and classes carrying @Tenant("hr") are authenticated by using the OIDC provider configured by quarkus.oidc.hr.auth-server-url. In contrast, all other classes and methods are still authenticated by using the default OIDC provider.

import jakarta.ws.rs.GET;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Path;
import jakarta.ws.rs.Produces;
import jakarta.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

import io.quarkus.oidc.Tenant;
import io.quarkus.security.Authenticated;

@Authenticated
@Path("/api/hello")
public class HelloResource {

    @Tenant("hr") (1)
    @GET
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    public String sayHello() {
        return "Hello!";
    }
}
1 The io.quarkus.oidc.Tenant annotation must be placed on either the resource class or resource method.

In the example above, authentication of the sayHello endpoint is enforced with the @Authenticated annotation. Alternatively, if you use an the HTTP Security policy to secure the endpoint, then, for the @Tenant annotation be effective, you must delay this policy’s permission check as shown in the example below:

quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/api/hello
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.methods=GET
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.policy=authenticated
quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.applies-to=JAXRS (1)
1 Tell Quarkus to run the HTTP permission check after the tenant has been selected with the @Tenant annotation.

Dynamic tenant configuration resolution

If you need a more dynamic configuration for the different tenants you want to support and don’t want to end up with multiple entries in your configuration file, you can use the io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver.

This interface allows you to dynamically create tenant configurations at runtime:

package io.quarkus.it.keycloak;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;
import java.util.function.Supplier;

import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcRequestContext;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig;
import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantConfigResolver implements TenantConfigResolver {

    @Override
    public Uni<OidcTenantConfig> resolve(RoutingContext context, OidcRequestContext<OidcTenantConfig> requestContext) {
        String path = context.request().path();
        String[] parts = path.split("/");

        if (parts.length == 0) {
            //Resolve to default tenant configuration
            return null;
        }

        if ("tenant-c".equals(parts[1])) {
            // Do 'return requestContext.runBlocking(createTenantConfig());'
            // if a blocking call is required to create a tenant config,
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig());
        }

        //Resolve to default tenant configuration
        return null;
    }

    private Supplier<OidcTenantConfig> createTenantConfig() {
        final OidcTenantConfig config = new OidcTenantConfig();

        config.setTenantId("tenant-c");
        config.setAuthServerUrl("http://localhost:8180/realms/tenant-c");
        config.setClientId("multi-tenant-client");
        OidcTenantConfig.Credentials credentials = new OidcTenantConfig.Credentials();

        credentials.setSecret("my-secret");

        config.setCredentials(credentials);

        // Any other setting supported by the quarkus-oidc extension

        return () -> config;
    }
}

The OidcTenantConfig returned by this method is the same one used to parse the oidc namespace configuration from the application.properties. You can populate it by using any settings supported by the quarkus-oidc extension.

If the dynamic tenant resolver returns null, a Static tenant configuration resolution is attempted next.

Static tenant configuration resolution

When you set multiple tenant configurations in the application.properties file, you only need to specify how the tenant identifier gets resolved. To configure the resolution of the tenant identifier, use one of the following options:

These tenant resolution options are tried in the order they are listed until the tenant id gets resolved. If the tenant id remains unresolved (null), the default (unnamed) tenant configuration is selected.

Resolve with TenantResolver

The following application.properties example shows how you can resolve the tenant identifier of two tenants named a and b by using the TenantResolver method:

# Tenant 'a' configuration
quarkus.oidc.a.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus-a
quarkus.oidc.a.client-id=client-a
quarkus.oidc.a.credentials.secret=client-a-secret

# Tenant 'b' configuration
quarkus.oidc.b.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/quarkus-b
quarkus.oidc.b.client-id=client-b
quarkus.oidc.b.credentials.secret=client-b-secret

You can return the tenant id of either a or b from quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver:

import quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver;

public class CustomTenantResolver implements TenantResolver {

    @Override
    public String resolve(RoutingContext context) {
        String path = context.request().path();
        if (path.endsWith("a")) {
            return "a";
        } else if (path.endsWith("b")) {
            return "b";
        } else {
            // default tenant
            return null;
        }
    }
}

In this example, the value of the last request path segment is a tenant id, but if required, you can implement a more complex tenant identifier resolution logic.

Configure tenant paths

You can use the quarkus.oidc.tenant-paths configuration property for resolving the tenant identifier as an alternative to using io.quarkus.oidc.TenantResolver. Here is how you can select the hr tenant for the sayHello endpoint of the HelloResource resource used in the previous example:

quarkus.oidc.hr.tenant-paths=/api/hello (1)
quarkus.oidc.a.tenant-paths=/api/* (2)
quarkus.oidc.b.tenant-paths=/*/hello (3)
1 Same path-matching rules apply as for the quarkus.http.auth.permission.authenticated.paths=/api/hello configuration property from the previous example.
2 The wildcard placed at the end of the path represents any number of path segments. However the path is less specific than the /api/hello, therefore the hr tenant will be used to secure the sayHello endpoint.
3 The wildcard in the /*/hello represents exactly one path segment. Nevertheless, the wildcard is less specific than the api, therefore the hr tenant will be used.
Path-matching mechanism works exactly same as in the Authorization using configuration.

Use last request path segment as tenant id

The default resolution for a tenant identifier is convention based, whereby the authentication request must include the tenant identifier in the last segment of the request path.

The following application.properties example shows how you can configure two tenants named google and github:

# Tenant 'google' configuration
quarkus.oidc.google.provider=google
quarkus.oidc.google.client-id=${google-client-id}
quarkus.oidc.google.credentials.secret=${google-client-secret}
quarkus.oidc.google.authentication.redirect-path=/signed-in

# Tenant 'github' configuration
quarkus.oidc.github.provider=google
quarkus.oidc.github.client-id=${github-client-id}
quarkus.oidc.github.credentials.secret=${github-client-secret}
quarkus.oidc.github.authentication.redirect-path=/signed-in

In the provided example, both tenants configure OIDC web-app applications to use an authorization code flow to authenticate users and require session cookies to be generated after authentication. After Google or GitHub authenticates the current user, the user gets returned to the /signed-in area for authenticated users, such as a secured resource path on the JAX-RS endpoint.

Finally, to complete the default tenant resolution, set the following configuration property:

quarkus.http.auth.permission.login.paths=/google,/github
quarkus.http.auth.permission.login.policy=authenticated

If the endpoint is running on http://localhost:8080, you can also provide UI options for users to log in to either http://localhost:8080/google or http://localhost:8080/github, without having to add specific /google or /github JAX-RS resource paths. Tenant identifiers are also recorded in the session cookie names after the authentication is completed. Therefore, authenticated users can access the secured application area without requiring either the google or github path values to be included in the secured URL.

Default resolution can also work for Bearer token authentication. Still, it might be less practical because a tenant identifier must always be set as the last path segment value.

Resolve tenants with a token issuer claim

OIDC tenants which support Bearer token authentication can be resolved using the access token’s issuer. The following conditions must be met for the issuer-based resolution to work:

  • The access token must be in the JWT format and contain an issuer (iss) token claim.

  • Only OIDC tenants with the application type service or hybrid are considered. These tenants must have a token issuer discovered or configured.

The issuer-based resolution is enabled with the quarkus.oidc.resolve-tenants-with-issuer property. For example:

quarkus.oidc.resolve-tenants-with-issuer=true (1)

quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.auth-server-url=${tenant-a-oidc-provider} (2)
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.client-id=${tenant-a-client-id}
quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.credentials.secret=${tenant-a-client-secret}

quarkus.oidc.tenant-b.auth-server-url=${tenant-b-oidc-provider} (3)
quarkus.oidc.tenant-b.discover-enabled=false
quarkus.oidc.tenant-b.token.issuer=${tenant-b-oidc-provider}/issuer
quarkus.oidc.tenant-b.jwks-path=/jwks
quarkus.oidc.tenant-b.token-path=/tokens
quarkus.oidc.tenant-b.client-id=${tenant-b-client-id}
quarkus.oidc.tenant-b.credentials.secret=${tenant-b-client-secret}
1 Tenants tenant-a and tenant-b are resolved using a JWT access token’s issuer iss claim value.
2 Tenant tenant-a discovers the issuer from the OIDC provider’s well-known configuration endpoint.
3 Tenant tenant-b configures the issuer because its OIDC provider does not support the discovery.

Tenant resolution for OIDC web-app applications

Tenant resolution for the OIDC web-app applications must be done at least 3 times during an authorization code flow, when the OIDC tenant-specific configuration affects how each of the following steps is run.

Step 1: Unauthenticated user accesses an endpoint and is redirected to OIDC provider

When an unauthenticated user accesses a secured path, the user is redirected to the OIDC provider to authenticate and the tenant configuration is used to build the redirect URI.

All the static and dynamic tenant resolution options listed in the Static tenant configuration resolution and Dynamic tenant configuration resolution sections can be used to resolve a tenant.

Step 2: The user is redirected back to the endpoint

After the provider authentication, the user is redirected back to the Quarkus endpoint and the tenant configuration is used to complete the authorization code flow.

All the static and dynamic tenant resolution options listed in the Static tenant configuration resolution and Dynamic tenant configuration resolution sections can be used to resolve a tenant. Before the tenant resolution begins, the authorization code flow state cookie is used to set the already resolved tenant configuration id as a RoutingContext tenant-id attribute: both custom dynamic TenantConfigResolver and static TenantResolver tenant resolvers can check it.

For example, here is how a custom TenantConfigResolver can avoid creating the already resolved tenant configuration, that may otherwise require blocking reads from the database or other remote sources:

package io.quarkus.it.keycloak;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcRequestContext;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig.ApplicationType;
import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver;
import io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcUtils;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantConfigResolver implements TenantConfigResolver {

    @Override
    public Uni<OidcTenantConfig> resolve(RoutingContext context, OidcRequestContext<OidcTenantConfig> requestContext) {
        String resolvedTenantId = context.get(OidcUtils.TENANT_ID_ATTRIBUTE);
        if (resolvedTenantId != null) { (1)
            return null;
        }

        String path = context.request().path(); (2)
        if (path.endsWith("tenant-a")) {
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig("tenant-a", "client-a", "secret-a"));
        } else if (path.endsWith("tenant-b")) {
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig("tenant-b", "client-b", "secret-b"));
        }

        // Default tenant id
        return null;
    }

    private OidcTenantConfig createTenantConfig(String tenantId, String clientId, String secret) {
        final OidcTenantConfig config = new OidcTenantConfig();
        config.setTenantId(tenantId);
        config.setAuthServerUrl("http://localhost:8180/realms/"  + tenantId);
        config.setClientId(clientId);
        config.getCredentials().setSecret(secret);
        config.setApplicationType(ApplicationType.WEB_APP);
        return config;
    }
}
1 Let Quarkus use the already resolved tenant configuration if it has been resolved earlier.
2 Check the request path to create tenant configurations.

The default configuration may look like this:

quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/default
quarkus.oidc.client-id=client-default
quarkus.oidc.credentials.secret=secret-default
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

The preceeding example assumes that the tenant-a, tenant-b and default tenants are all used to protect the same endpoint paths. In other words, after the user has authenticated with the tenant-a configuration, this user will not be able to choose to authenticate with the tenant-b or default configuration before this user logs out and has a session cookie cleared or expired.

The situtaion where multiple OIDC web-app tenants protect the tenant-specific paths is less typical and also requires an extra care. When multiple OIDC web-app tenants such as tenant-a, tenant-b and default tenants are used to control access to the tenant specific paths, the users authenticated with one OIDC provider must not be able to access the paths requiring an authentication with another provider, otherwise the results can be unpredictable, most likely causing unexpected authentication failures. For example, if the tenant-a authentication requires a Keycloak authentication and the tenant-b authentication requires an Auth0 authentication, then, if the tenant-a authenticated user attempts to access a path secured by the tenant-b configuration, then the session cookie will not be verified, since the Auth0 public verification keys can not be used to verify the tokens signed by Keycloak. An easy, recommended way to avoid multiple web-app tenants conflicting with each other is to set the tenant specific session path as shown in the following example:

package io.quarkus.it.keycloak;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcRequestContext;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig.ApplicationType;
import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver;
import io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcUtils;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantConfigResolver implements TenantConfigResolver {

    @Override
    public Uni<OidcTenantConfig> resolve(RoutingContext context, OidcRequestContext<OidcTenantConfig> requestContext) {
        String resolvedTenantId = context.get(OidcUtils.TENANT_ID_ATTRIBUTE);
        if (resolvedTenantId != null) { (1)
            return null;
        }

        String path = context.request().path(); (2)
        if (path.endsWith("tenant-a")) {
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig("tenant-a", "/tenant-a", "client-a", "secret-a"));
        } else if (path.endsWith("tenant-b")) {
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig("tenant-b", "/tenant-b", "client-b", "secret-b"));
        }

        // Default tenant id
        return null;
    }

    private OidcTenantConfig createTenantConfig(String tenantId, String cookiePath, String clientId, String secret) {
        final OidcTenantConfig config = new OidcTenantConfig();
        config.setTenantId(tenantId);
        config.setAuthServerUrl("http://localhost:8180/realms/"  + tenantId);
        config.setClientId(clientId);
        config.getCredentials().setSecret(secret);
        config.setApplicationType(ApplicationType.WEB_APP);
        config.getAuthentication().setCookiePath(cookiePath); (3)
        return config;
    }
}
1 Let Quarkus use the already resolved tenant configuration if it has been resolved earlier.
2 Check the request path to create tenant configurations.
3 Set the tenant-specific cookie paths which makes sure the session cookie is only visible to the tenant which created it.

The default tenant configuration should be adjusted like this:

quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url=http://localhost:8180/realms/default
quarkus.oidc.client-id=client-default
quarkus.oidc.credentials.secret=secret-default
quarkus.oidc.authentication.cookie-path=/default
quarkus.oidc.application-type=web-app

Having the same session cookie path when multiple OIDC web-app tenants protect the tenant-specific paths is not recommended and should be avoided as it requires even more care from the custom resolvers, for example:

package io.quarkus.it.keycloak;

import jakarta.enterprise.context.ApplicationScoped;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcRequestContext;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig;
import io.quarkus.oidc.OidcTenantConfig.ApplicationType;
import io.quarkus.oidc.TenantConfigResolver;
import io.quarkus.oidc.runtime.OidcUtils;
import io.smallrye.mutiny.Uni;
import io.vertx.ext.web.RoutingContext;

@ApplicationScoped
public class CustomTenantConfigResolver implements TenantConfigResolver {

    @Override
    public Uni<OidcTenantConfig> resolve(RoutingContext context, OidcRequestContext<OidcTenantConfig> requestContext) {

        String path = context.request().path(); (1)
        if (path.endsWith("tenant-a")) {
            String resolvedTenantId = context.get(OidcUtils.TENANT_ID_ATTRIBUTE);
	    if (resolvedTenantId != null) {
	        if ("tenant-a".equals(resolvedTenantId)) { (2)
	            return null;
	        } else {
	           // Require a "tenant-a" authentication
                   context.remove(OidcUtils.TENANT_ID_ATTRIBUTE); (3)
	        }
            }
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig("tenant-a", "client-a", "secret-a"));
        } else if (path.endsWith("tenant-b")) {
            String resolvedTenantId = context.get(OidcUtils.TENANT_ID_ATTRIBUTE);
	    if (resolvedTenantId != null) {
	        if ("tenant-b".equals(resolvedTenantId)) { (2)
	            return null;
	        } else {
	            // Require a "tenant-b" authentication
                   context.remove(OidcUtils.TENANT_ID_ATTRIBUTE); (3)
	        }
            }
            return Uni.createFromItem(createTenantConfig("tenant-b", "client-b", "secret-b"));
        }

        // Set default tenant id
        context.put(OidcUtils.TENANT_ID_ATTRIBUTE, OidcUtils.DEFAULT_TENANT_ID); (4)
        return null;
    }

    private OidcTenantConfig createTenantConfig(String tenantId, String clientId, String secret) {
        final OidcTenantConfig config = new OidcTenantConfig();
        config.setTenantId(tenantId);
        config.setAuthServerUrl("http://localhost:8180/realms/"  + tenantId);
        config.setClientId(clientId);
        config.getCredentials().setSecret(secret);
        config.setApplicationType(ApplicationType.WEB_APP);
        return config;
    }
}
1 Check the request path to create tenant configurations.
2 Let Quarkus use the already resolved tenant configuration if the already resolved tenant is expected for the current path.
3 Remove the tenant-id attribute if the already resolved tenant configuration is not expected for the current path.
4 Use the default tenant for all other paths. It is equivalent to removing the tenant-id attribute.

Disabling tenant configurations

Custom TenantResolver and TenantConfigResolver implementations might return null if no tenant can be inferred from the current request and a fallback to the default tenant configuration is required.

If you expect the custom resolvers always to resolve a tenant, you do not need to configure the default tenant resolution.

  • To turn off the default tenant configuration, set quarkus.oidc.tenant-enabled=false.

The default tenant configuration is automatically disabled when quarkus.oidc.auth-server-url is not configured, but either custom tenant configurations are available or TenantConfigResolver is registered.

Be aware that tenant-specific configurations can also be disabled, for example: quarkus.oidc.tenant-a.tenant-enabled=false.

Related content